A body of the National People’s Congress, the country’s highest law-making institution, has publicly acknowledged petitions to legalize same-sex marriage, a rare development that has triggered a nationwide discussion of a topic that was once taboo.
Expectations are raised that the nation, which is led by the Communist Party, might eventually join the growing number of countries that have passed legislation protecting the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people.
“We were very happy, pleasantly surprised by the news!” declared Peng Yanzi, director of LGBT Rights Advocacy China.
Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, homosexuality has been banned or suppressed. However, China’s open-door policies in the early 1980s set in motion social and cultural changes that would lead Beijing to decriminalize homosexuality in 1997 and remove it from an official list of mental disorders in 2001.
In time, major cities would witness lively gay and lesbian scenes with the proliferation of clubs and bars. But many forms of age-old prejudice and restrictions against the LGBTQ population persist, with activists citing issues ranging from employment discrimination and forced “therapy” to lack of “marriage equality.”
On Dec. 20, a spokesman was quoted as saying the legislative commission had received more than 230,000 online suggestions and letters on legalizing same-sex marriage. The topic triggered 400 million views on China’s Twitter-like Weibo and sparked a lively debate on domestic social media, according to state-run newspapers.
But as recently as August, a representative of the same body had dismissed same-sex marriage as contrary to Chinese culture and stressed that China’s marriage system was based on the union of “man and woman.”
In China, after collecting public opinion, a bill can be drafted and deliberated several times before it is finalized, published again for public comment and submitted to the National People’s Congress Standing Committee for enactment.
“It felt unreal,” Gao Qianhui, 21, a lesbian in Shenzhen, just across Hong Kong, said when asked about her reaction to the news from the legislative commission, to which she also wrote a petition supporting same-sex marriage.
Just a proposal… For now
“I know it’s just a proposal and it’s most likely not going to be realized in the near future, but the fact this topic is now publicly and officially on the table gives the LGBT community hope for the first time after years of hiding and struggling,” she told NBC News.
The apparent change of stance is “a promising and positive step,” said Hu Zhijun, director of PFLAG, another advocacy group named after the large LGBTQ rights group in the United States.
The shift even seemed to extend to the cinema — the first gay kiss of the “Star Wars” film franchise recently made it to China’s theaters. That followed a few months after scenes of homosexuality in the biopic “Bohemian Rhapsody” were deleted by Chinese censors.